Positional Plagiocephaly and Brachycephaly

Each infant with plagiocephaly or brachycephaly should be assessed by an experienced healthcare professional who will provide a treatment plan for the infant based on the individual requirements. It is important to have a physician assess the head and determine the cause for the asymmetry to ensure that the cause is addressed in the treatment plan.

Treatments may include:

  • Repositioning
    • Increasing tummy time
    • Frequent position changes
    • Holding the infant more often
  • Physiotherapy
  • Cranial remolding helmet

helmet2

Repositioning

If your infant tends to lay their head on one side all the time, the constant pressure from the bed can cause a flat spot. Repositioning techniques should be tried to see if this will help the head naturally grow more symmetrically. Tummy time and gently repositioning of the head so that there is even distribution of pressure will reduce the likelihood of a flat spot. Putting something interesting for the infant to turn towards to look at will encourage the child to move the head into different positions. Finally, turning the head gently while sleeping to the opposite side of the flat spot will also help to redistribute the pressure.

Baby-with-helmet

Physiotherapy

If the infant has torticollis, a physiotherapist may be needed to help stretch and strengthen the neck muscles. Torticollis can be a contributing factor to plagiocephaly as the tight neck muscles can pull the head into a position that is held for an extended period of time.

Cranial remolding helmet

Cranial remolding helmets can be used in the treatment of deformational plagiocephaly, brachycephaly and other conditions. The objective of the remolding helmet is to leave a space where the concerned area (flat spot) is and maintain contact of the head in the other areas. As the head grows, it will fill into the space and the growth will slow in the areas of contact. The goal is to try to achieve a more symmetrical shape of the head at the end of treatment. The length of treatment time varies depending on the severity and age of the infant.

Baby-with-Helmet-on-Swing
helmet

What is the Process?

Once an infant has been properly diagnosed by a physician, the Certified Orthotist will perform a thorough assessment to determine the best treatment. A family history, measurements and pictures are taken.

If a cranial remolding helmet is appropriate and the caregiver chooses to proceed with the treatment, then a cast is taken of the infant’s head. The casting process involves placing a stockinette on the infant’s head and laying warm plaster on top. Once the plaster sets the shape capture can be removed.

Within two weeks, the family returns for the fitting of the helmet. At this visit, the helmet is trimmed and adjusted to fit the head and ensure that the areas that need space or contact are optimized.

Follow up visits are scheduled at regular intervals (approximately every two weeks) until treatment is completed.
At each follow up, the infant is measured, pictures are taken and the helmet is adjusted to ensure optimal fit.

The helmet is worn up to 23 hours a day and is removed for bathing. Length of treatment can be a few months or longer and is determined by many factors including the age when treatment is started, how much time is spent in the helmet and how severe the asymmetry was at the beginning of treatment.