Treatment Overview


Our Certified Orthotists assess for and design specialized orthoses (braces and splints) for all body parts.  The designs are made specifically for each individual with consideration of many factors including medical requirements, lifestyle and use.  The custom made orthoses are made to fit and function for the individual.

Some examples are shown below:

1. Lower Extremity:

  • Foot Orthoses (arch supports)
  • Knee Orthoses
  • Ankle Foot Orthoses (Foot Drop splints)
  • Knee, Ankle Foot Orthoses (long leg braces)
  • Walk Aide

2. Spine:

  • Corset
  • Harris Brace
  • Scoliosis Brace
  • Cervical Collar
  • Spine Cor

3. Upper Extremity:

  • Fingers - Boutonniere/Swan Neck Splint
  • Thumb Post
  • Wrist Hand Orthoses
  • Elbow Orthoses


In general, for Lower Extremity Orthoses the name of the device describes the body segment that it supports, see below.  Please click on the title of the brace to link to the specific page about that type of bracing treatment.

FO - Foot Orthosis Commonly known as foot orthotics or insoles, FOs are used to help support, align or correct the feet.  They may be made of soft materials to accommodate deformities such as claw toes with people who may have Rheumatoid Arthritis or Diabetes.  They may also be made of firmer materials for people who need more control of excess foot motion.  There are many combinations that are dependent on the individual needs of the person including medical conditions, activities and footwear.

AFO - Ankle Foot Orthosis is a type of brace that is used to help support, align or correct the foot and ankle.  It is often used for people who have weakness or instability around the ankle or knee that may be due to injury, stroke, MS.

KO - Knee Orthosis There are many types of knee braces for the many different injuries or diseases that can affect the knee and the many ranges of needs.  Knee orthoses may be as simple as a prefabricated slip on sleeve or a custom made plastic brace with metal joints.  The type or style of brace will depend on exactly what you need.

KAFO - Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis The KAFO is used for people who need support, control or protection of the leg from the hip to the foot.  The KAFO is often used for people who have had poliomyelitis and need control for the knee and ankle joints.


In general, for Upper Extremity Orthoses the name of the device describes the body segment that it supports, see below:

WHO - Wrist Hand Orthosis This device can be used for various pathologies, including, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Rheumatoid & Osteoarthritis of the wrist and ligament instabilities of the wrist. The WHO is made of either leather or plastic with Velcro straps for attachment.

WHO + Thumb or long opponens, is similar to the WHO but has the addition of a thumb spica to immobilize the thumb or first joint (CMCJ, or MCPJ). The long opponens splint is often prescribed for DeQuervain's Tenosynovitis, or for Osteoarthritis of the wrist and thumb.

HO - Hand Orthosis or short opponens, is a short thumb spica that does not extend beyond the wrist. This support is ideal for immobilizing the thumb in cases of Osteoarthritis of the first joint (CMCJ, or MCPJ).

WHFO - Wrist Hand Finger Orthosis or resting splint is a plastic design used most often with contracture of the fingers and wrist after a stroke or with Cerebral Palsy.

EO - Elbow Orthosis: There are a variety of elbow orthoses that are used for many different reasons. A hinged design can be used for medial-lateral stability or to limit or increase range of motion of the elbow joint. Off-the-shelf elbow supports such as counterforce straps can be used for Tennis Elbow and Golfer's Elbow. Soft elbow sleeves or pads can be used for protection of a sensitive elbow.

Shoulder Orthosis: Different slings or immobilizers can be used for rotator cuff tears or post-surgery, or with shoulder subluxations and dislocations.