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What is a stroke?

According to The Heart & Stroke Foundation, a stroke is a sudden loss of brain function. It is caused by the interruption of flow of blood to the brain (ischemic stroke) or the rupture of blood vessels in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). The interruption of blood flow or the rupture of blood vessels causes brain cells (neurons) in the affected area to die.

The effects of a stroke depend on where the brain was injured, as well as how much damage occurred. A stroke can impact any number of areas including your ability to move, see, remember, speak, reason and read and write.

Stroke is a medical emergency. Recognizing and responding immediately to the stroke signs by calling 9-1-1 or your local emergency number can significantly improve survival and recovery.


What causes brain damage from stroke?

Blood vessels called arteries carry blood that is rich in oxygen and nutrients through the body. When an artery to the brain becomes blocked or bursts, the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off. The longer the brain goes without oxygen and nutrients supplied by blood flow, the greater the risk of permanent brain damage. Brain injuries can also result in uncontrolled bleeding and permanent brain damage. This is usually referred to as an Acquired Brain Injury.


What are the types of stroke?

There are two main types of stroke: those caused by blood clots (ischemic stroke) and those caused by bleeding (hemorrhagic stroke). When clots stop blood from flowing to the brain for a short time, a TIA (transient ischemic attack) or “mini-stroke” can happen. Stroke can happen to anyone including babies and children (pediatric stroke).


Understanding the brain and the effects of stroke

Your brain is the most complex organ in your body. It consists of more than 100 billion specialized nerve cells called neurons and it acts as a command centre for everything you do, think, sense and say. These neurons depend on the blood vessels in your brain for oxygen and nutrients. Neurons cannot duplicate or repair themselves.

Different parts of the brain control different functions. Learning what the parts of the brain do can help you understand why stroke can affect people so differently. Foot Drop as a result of stroke is treated by...

PATIENT STORIES

I just wanted to let you know - for the first time in months and months - I am able to go for a long, long walk - because my feet are not killing me anymore!!! I am not limping at work any more either!!! Thanks so much - I feel great! Even walking 8 blocks back to the car after the last appointment with them in my shoes - I could have done a tap dance all the way - the change was so drastic!
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When I saw Jim, it was for two appointments for braces he put in my shoes (that he had made recommendations about). I could walk and keep shoes on all day and I was not walking off balance. He was amazing. He took time to talk to me and explain things. My husband had gone to Jim for years for foot orthotics . I would recommend Jim to anyone.
- Ms L.M. -
I am so greatful that the heel lift for my right shoe has been so helpful. I am in less pain when I walk, I can now stand straighter, on both legs at the same time when I stand still. I should have done it a lot sooner!
- Ms. D.T -
I am a person with polio in my left leg. I 've been using Custom Orthotic Design Group Ltd. for many years. Their service is great and friendly, they know what they are doing. I am really happy with their services.
- Mr. K.N. -
Custom Orthotics has always stood behind their product. They have always treated me with kindness and dignity. Whenever there is an issue, they have repaired it right away. Friendliness is their top priority. The product is 10/10. I can't say enough and I find there is never any negative comments. I have been with Custom Orthotics since 1998.
- Mr. F.H. -
The whole process was very positive, Custom Orthotic Design Group answered all of my questions and responded to my concerns in a professional pleasant manner. I highly recommend that anyone requiring any form of custom made orthotic from a simple shoe insert to a sophisticated support such as my CROW walker consider Custom Orthotic Design Group.
- Mr. MB -
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